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vocabulary ,chapter 4 why 蠎ホ (beautiful) read as kirei? - Feed Post by eronzih

vocabulary ,chapter 4
why 蠎ホ (beautiful) read as kirei?
posted by eronzih

Comments 7

  • Mistwalker
    Wow you are right XD I never noticed that.
    Should be either:
    奇麗  or  綺麗
  • eronzih
  • Mistwalker
    Yeah the kanji are wrong on a few. It's rare. But Beautiful = kirei and is a na adjective.

    NA adjectives are usually made of 2 kanji. Whereas -i adjectives are usually made of one kanji plus at least one hiragana and ends in a hiragana i.

    Might be useful to know, but relies on you knowing the kanji...
  • eronzih
    huh?i dont understand,sorry my english is not very good =(
  • Mistwalker
    奇麗  - きれい - kirei - beautiful.
    綺麗 - きれい - kirei - beautiful.

    There are two types of adjectives in Japanese: i-adjectives and na-adjectives. I-adjectives all end in "~ i," though they never end in "~ ei" (e.g. "kirei" is not an i-adjective.)

    ~i adjective:
    atarashii 新しい new
    furui 古い old
    atsui 暑い hot
    samui 寒い cold
    oishii おいしい delicious mazui まずい bad tasting
    ookii 大きい big
    chiisai 小さい small
    takai 高い tall, expensive hikui低い low
    yasui 安い cheap
    etc etc

    ~na adjective:
    ijiwaruna 意地悪な mean shinsetsuna 親切な kind
    kiraina 嫌いな distasteful sukina 好きな favorite
    shizukana 静かな quiet
    nigiyakana にぎやかな lively (place)
    benrina 便利な convenient fubenna 不便なinconvenient
    kireina きれいな pretty
    genkina 元気な healthy, well
    jouzuna 上手な skillful
    yuumeina 有名なfamous
    etc etc

    You conjugate ~i and ~na adjectives differently.

    Modifying Nouns:
    ~1 adj -
    chiisai inu 小さい犬 small dog
    takai tokei 高い時計 expensive watch

    Na-Adjectives -
    yuumeina gaka 有名な画家 famous painter
    sukina eiga 好きな映画 favorite movie

    I-Adjectives as Predicates:
    (so much simpler than verbs!)
    1)Present Negative - Replace the final ~ i with ~ ku nai
    2) Past - Replace the final ~ i with ~ katta
    3) Past Negative - Replace the final ~ i with ~ ku nakatta

    Eg. 1) takaku nai 高くない
    2) takakatta 高かった
    3) takaku nakatta 高くなかった

    Add ~desu to all of the above informal forms.
    There is also a variation in the formal negative forms.
    * Negative: Replace ~i with ~ku arimasen
    * Past Negative: Add ~ deshita to ~ku arimasen

    ii いい good - the only ~i adj which is irregular, changes to yoi よい for all but present tense.

    Na-Adjectives as Predicates:
    They are called na-adjectives because "~ na" marks this group of adjectives when directly modifying noun (e.g. yuumeina gaka). Unlike i-adjectives, na-adjectives cannot be used as predicates themselves. When a na-adjective is used as a predicate, the final "na" is deleted and followed by either "~ da" or "~ desu.

    Present -
    yuumei da 有名だ yuumei desu

    Present Negative -
    yuumei dewa nai 有名ではない yuumei dewa arimasen 有名ではありません

    Past -
    yuumei datta 有名だった
    yuumei deshita 有名でした

    Past negative -
    yuumei dewa nakatta 有名ではなかった
    yuumei dewa arimasen deshita

    I hope this small lesson on adjectives helps ^^
  • eronzih
    thank for teaching ^^
  • purenarcotic
    Does the admin know that this needs to be fixed?