JLPT N2 Grammar List

English Public
This list contains sentence patterns and grammar vocabulary that may appear in JLPT N2. The grammar list was taken from a book of JLPT N2 test questions. Rulings and descriptions of listed grammar are taken from the Dictionary of Japanese Grammar (Basic to Advanced).

Some grammar rulings may be difficult to understand with just the basic description and most of the grammar rulings apply to other sentence patterns than what has been listed, so you can ask for a more detailed explanation with example sentences in My Feeds. I'll do my best to explain them.

Also, the proper form to use these grammar rulings is the Kanji version. The kana version is for you to read it easily.

(NOTE: I could not find the descriptions of some grammar terms in the Grammar Dictionary so I just listed down its closest equivalent meaning with an example sentence.)

Vocabulary List

  • Vずに済む
    (verb)ずにすむ
    to get by without (having to) [Verb]
    new
    54644
  • すなわち
    that is (to say); namely; in short; to sum up; in other words; after all; that means (an adverb that is used to summarize or rephrase what has been mentioned/stated in the preceding context)
    new
    54643
  • 従う
    したがって
    therefore, accordingly, consequently (a conjunction that is used to indicate that a result/situation follows necessarily from the foregoing situation
    new
    54642
  • V次第
    (verb)しだい
    as soon as; depend on (a conjunction/noun to express that an action indicated by a preceding verb or an action implied by a preceding noun is prerequisite for another action
    new
    54641
  • しかも
    moreover
    new
    53928
  • (V-neg)ざるを得ない
    (verb-negative)ざるをえない
    cannot help -ing; cannot (help) but; have no choice but to ~; have to (an auxiliary indicating that there is no other choice but to do something)
    new
    53927
  • (V)させられる
    be made to do something (E.g: "hanasaserareru" = be made to talk, "tabesaserareru" = be made to eat.)
    new
    53921
  • 〜さえ
    even; if ~ only; if ~ just; as long as; The only thing ~ need is ( an emphatic particle which expresses the idea of "even" in non-conditional clauses (or sentences) or the idea of "only" in conditional clauses.)
    new
    53920
  • 〜際(に/は)
    〜さい(に/は)
    when; on the occasion of; at the time of (a conjunction that is equivalent to 〜ときには. E.g: 非常の際にはこのボタンを押してください。Press this button in case of emergency.)
    new
    53919
  • 〜ことに
    it is (i-adj) that; I am (i-adj) that; we are (i-adj) that; to my/our (i-adj); ~ly (a phrase that expresses the speaker's/writer's emotion or subjective judgement. It is an emphasis on an emotion felt.)
    new
    53918
  • 〜ことから
    because; due to; from the fact that ~; cause; trigger (a phrase that expresses a reason or a cause)
    new
    53916
  • 〜げ
    equivalent to 〜そう (E.g: 子どもたちが、楽しげに歌を歌ってる = The children looks like they're having fun singing songs.)
    new
    53915
  • (〜のは)ぐらいのものだ
    equivalent to Nしかない (have no choice; there is nothing but; no more than) (E.g: 私たちが買えるのは、このマンションぐらいものだ。= This apartment is about all we can buy.)
    new
    53914
  • [V](っ)きり
    since; only (a conjunction indicating that since something occurred, nothing has happened and the resultant situation remains unchanged; a particle indicating a strict limitation in terms of number/quantity
    new
    53827
  • (N)気味
    (noun)ぎみ
    tend to (compared to [N]/[V]がち, ぎみ describes a visible indication of a tendency while がち describes a general tendency in someone or something. E.g:風邪気味なので、今日は早く寝よう = I will go to bed early tonight because I feel kind of sick.
    new
    53825
  • (N)から見ると/(N)から見れば
    (noun)からみると/(noun)からみれば
    From the viewpoint of 〜 (e.g: 西洋医学から見ると = From the viewpoint of Western medicine)
    new
    53824
  • 〜からには
    once; now that ~; as long as ~; so long as ~; if (a subordinate conjunction meaning "now that", "once someone does/has done something", or "so long as"
    new
    53823
  • 〜からと言って
    〜からといって
    just because; even if; even though (a conjunction which introduces the reason for someone's action or for someone's having some idea, and conveys disapproval of the action or idea.)
    new
    53815
  • 〜からすると
    considering 〜 (e.g: この普段からすると本物の毛皮はないだろう = Considering the price tag, this fur cannot be real)
    new
    53814
  • (N)からして
    even; judging from (a phrase that singles out something from emphasis or presents something as a basis for judgement)
    new
    53813
  • (N)から言うと/(N)から言えば
    from the standpoint of ~ (N) (e.g: 消費者の立場から言えば = From the standpoint of the consumer)
    new
    53807
  • 〜かのよう
    feels as if (e.g 初めて来た場所なのに、まるで来たことがあるかのように懐かしく思った = Although I had never been there before, it felt as if I had.)
    new
    53805
  • (V)かねない
    can be; to be in a position to; very possible; easy; does not hesitate to do (an auxiliary opposite of (V)かねる expressing that someone is able to do something easily. e.g It's easy for said person to do something)
    new
    53790
  • (V)かねる
    cannot; be not in a position to; hardly possible; hard; hesitate to do (an auxiliary expressing that someone cannot do something even if s/he wants to do it)
    new
    53789
  • (N)/(V)がちだ
    tend to; be prone to; be apt to; be liable to; be subject to; often (a suffix to express an undesirable tendency in someone or something)
    new
    53788
  • (V)難い
    (verb)がたい
    cannot; unーable; can hardly; difficult to; impossible (an auxiliary adjective which expresses the idea that for someone to do something is virtually impossible or impossible)
    new
    53785
  • (N)限りで
    (noun)かぎりで
    the last; only until; from ~ on; limited to; only (a suffix which expresses the idea of "[last] only until" or "limited")
    new
    53784
  • (V)限り
    (verb)かぎり
    as long as; as far as; while; to the extent; until; unless (a conjunction which expresses the idea "as long as [a certain condition is met]" or "as long as [=to the extent]")
    new
    53783
  • (N)以来
    (noun)いらい
    since (a particle/conjunction meaning "since")
    new
    53781
  • (い-adj)限りだ
    (い-adj)かぎりだ
    extremely (indicates extreme degree of speaker's/writer's emotionーhappiness, sorrow, envy, shame or loneliness, among others)
    new
    53780
  • 〜かいがある
    worth; meaning; effect; result (a dependent noun that means something is worth someone's effort)
    new
    53777
  • (V)以上(は)
    (verb)いじょうは
    since; now that; once; if ~ at all; as long as; so long as (a conjunction indicating the speaker/writer's feeling that there should be a very strong logical/natural connection between what precedes the conjunction and what follows it.
    new
    53774
JLPT N2 Grammar List
32 vocabularies